Demographics of Denmark in 2023 - Structure, Labor, Regional Trends

Last Updated: October 30, 2023


5.814 million


1.72 Child

Median Age

41.3 Years Old

Dependency Ratio

57.8 %

Life Expectancy

81.9 Years

Net Migration Rate

3.4 ‰

Executive Summary

Denmark - Population Growth

Note: % | Forecast After 2023 (UN, Statistics Office, Local Agency)

Population Structure

The population demographic data has been updated to October 2023 based primarily on the United Nations population database, with some countries using their own statistical agencies. All data listed is from 2022 (unless otherwise noted).

Population +

29 k people


64 k people


56 k people

Net Migration

20 k people

Denmark - Population Growth Drivers
Note: % | forecast after 2023
Denmark - Age Structure - Historical & Forecast
Note: % | forecast after 2023

Natural Growth

1.5 ‰

Net Migration

3.4 ‰

Young Dependency

25.7 %

Old Dependency

32.1 %

Denmark - Median Age
Note: Age
Denmark - Demographic Structure
Source: UN Population; OOSGA Analytics

Culture Brief


Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 86.3%, Turkish 1.1%, other 12.6% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, German, Iraqi, and Romanian) (2018 est. by CIA)

Language Used

Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)


Evangelical Lutheran (official) 74.7%, Muslim 5.5%, other/none/unspecified (denominations of less than 1% each in descending order of size include Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, Buddhist, Church of Jesus Christ, Pentecostal, and nondenominational Christian) 19.8% (2019 est. by CIA)

Denmark - Education
Note: %
Denmark - Education Comparison (Tertiary Education)
Note: %

Labor Brief

Denmark - Labor Participation Rate
Note: %
Denmark - Labor Participation by Groups
Note: %
Denmark - Labor Participation By Sectors
Note: %

Regional Brief

Denmark - Population in Key Regions
Denmark - GDP Per Capita in Key Regions
  • Population project by age group: UN population database | Data after 2022 is estimated/forecasted | Forecasted with medium variant
  • Currency: nominal USD, unless otherwise specified. | IMF
  • Economic projection: OECD, IMF, EIU, Local Government
  • Culture, ethnicities, languages: CIA Factbook
  •  Education: World Bank
  • Labor Participation: ILO,
  • Data Aggregation & Calculation:
  • Analysis: Economic Team
Author: Economic Team

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