Demographics of Italy in 2023 - Structure, Labor, Regional Trends

Last Updated: October 30, 2023


59.729 million


1.29 Child

Median Age

47.3 Years Old

Dependency Ratio

57.2 %

Life Expectancy

84.1 Years

Net Migration Rate

1 ‰

Executive Summary

Italy - Population Growth

Note: % | Forecast After 2023 (UN, Statistics Office, Local Agency)

Population Structure

The population demographic data has been updated to October 2023 based primarily on the United Nations population database, with some countries using their own statistical agencies. All data listed is from 2022 (unless otherwise noted).

Population +

-164 k people


407 k people


630 k people

Net Migration

58 k people

Italy - Population Growth Drivers
Note: % | forecast after 2023
Italy - Age Structure - Historical & Forecast
Note: % | forecast after 2023

Natural Growth

-3.8 ‰

Net Migration

1 ‰

Young Dependency

20.1 %

Old Dependency

37.1 %

Italy - Median Age
Note: Age
Italy - Demographic Structure
Source: UN Population; OOSGA Analytics

Culture Brief


Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

Language Used

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)


Christian 80.8% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim 4.9%, unaffiliated 13.4%, other 0.9% (2020 est. by CIA)

Italy - Education
Note: %
Italy - Education Comparison (Tertiary Education)
Note: %

Labor Brief

Italy - Labor Participation Rate
Note: %
Italy - Labor Participation by Groups
Note: %
Italy - Labor Participation By Sectors
Note: %

Regional Brief

Italy - Population in Key Regions
Italy - GDP Per Capita in Key Regions
  • Population project by age group: UN population database | Data after 2022 is estimated/forecasted | Forecasted with medium variant
  • Currency: nominal USD, unless otherwise specified. | IMF
  • Economic projection: OECD, IMF, EIU, Local Government
  • Culture, ethnicities, languages: CIA Factbook
  •  Education: World Bank
  • Labor Participation: ILO,
  • Data Aggregation & Calculation:
  • Analysis: Economic Team
Author: Economic Team

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