Demographics of Saudi Arabia in 2023 - Structure, Labor, Regional Trends

Last Updated: October 30, 2023


34.269 million


2.39 Child

Median Age

30.2 Years Old

Dependency Ratio

39.3 %

Life Expectancy

77.9 Years

Net Migration Rate

0.8 ‰

Executive Summary

Saudi Arabia - Population Growth

Note: % | Forecast After 2023 (UN, Statistics Office, Local Agency)

Population Structure

The population demographic data has been updated to October 2023 based primarily on the United Nations population database, with some countries using their own statistical agencies. All data listed is from 2022 (unless otherwise noted).

Population +

545 k people


616 k people


100 k people

Net Migration

29 k people

Saudi Arabia - Population Growth Drivers
Note: % | forecast after 2023
Saudi Arabia - Age Structure - Historical & Forecast
Note: % | forecast after 2023

Natural Growth

14.2 ‰

Net Migration

0.8 ‰

Young Dependency

34.2 %

Old Dependency

5.1 %

Saudi Arabia - Median Age
Note: Age
Saudi Arabia - Demographic Structure
Source: UN Population; OOSGA Analytics

Culture Brief


Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Language Used

Arabic (official)


Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est. by CIA)

Saudi Arabia - Education
Note: %
Saudi Arabia - Education Comparison (Tertiary Education)
Note: %

Labor Brief

Saudi Arabia - Labor Participation Rate
Note: %
Saudi Arabia - Labor Participation by Groups
Note: %
Saudi Arabia - Labor Participation By Sectors
Note: %

Regional Brief

Saudi Arabia - Population in Key Regions
Saudi Arabia - GDP Per Capita in Key Regions
  • Population project by age group: UN population database | Data after 2022 is estimated/forecasted | Forecasted with medium variant
  • Currency: nominal USD, unless otherwise specified. | IMF
  • Economic projection: OECD, IMF, EIU, Local Government
  • Culture, ethnicities, languages: CIA Factbook
  •  Education: World Bank
  • Labor Participation: ILO,
  • Data Aggregation & Calculation:
  • Analysis: Economic Team
Author: Economic Team

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